[2020.7] EC-COUNCIL 312-38 Exam Questions [Dumps] Free

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Table of Contents:

  • EC-COUNCIL 312-38 Exam Video
  • Latest EC-COUNCIL 312-38 Pdf Dumps From Google Drive
  • Effective EC-COUNCIL 312-38 Exam Practice Questions
  • Pass4itsure Reason for selection

EC-COUNCIL 312-38 Exam Video

Latest EC-COUNCIL 312-38 Pdf Dumps From Google Drive

EC-COUNCIL 312-38 Pdf Dumps https://drive.google.com/file/d/1DTjNyjdNf59B0pWcRAStuV5vcKueHvKZ/view?usp=sharing

Effective EC-COUNCIL 312-38 Exam Practice Questions

QUESTION 1
Fill in the blank with the appropriate term. A is a technique to authenticate digital documents by using computer
cryptography.
Correct Answer: signature
A digital signature is a technique to authenticate digital documents by using computer cryptography. A digital signature
not only validates the sender\\’s identity, but also ensures that the document\\’s contents have not been altered. It
verifies that the source and integrity of the document is not compromised since the document is signed. A digital
signature provides the following assurances: Authenticity, Integrity, and Non-repudiation. Microsoft Office 2007 Excel
and Word provide a feature known as Signature line to insert a user\\’s digital signature on a document.


QUESTION 2
Which of the following layers refers to the higher-level protocols used by most applications for network communication?
A. Transport layer
B. Link layer
C. Application layer
D. Internet layer
Correct Answer: C


QUESTION 3
Which of the following recovery plans includes specific strategies and actions to deal with specific variances to
assumptions resulting in a particular security problem, emergency, or state of affairs?
A. Contingency plan
B. Disaster recovery plan
C. Business continuity plan
D. Continuity of Operations Plan
Correct Answer: A
A contingency plan is a plan devised for a specific situation when things could go wrong. Contingency plans are often
devised by governments or businesses who want to be prepared for anything that could happen. Contingency plans
include specific strategies and actions to deal with specific variances to assumptions resulting in a particular problem,
emergency, or state of affairs. They also include a monitoring process and “triggers” for initiating planned actions. They
are required to help governments, businesses, or individuals to recover from serious incidents in the minimum time with
minimum cost and disruption. Answer option D is incorrect. It includes the plans and procedures documented that
ensure the continuity of critical operations during any period where normal operations are impossible. Answer option B
is incorrect. Disaster recovery planning is a subset of a larger process known as business continuity planning and
should include planning for resumption of applications, data, hardware, communications (such as networking), and other
IT infrastructure. A business continuity plan (BCP) includes planning for non-IT related aspects such as key personnel,
facilities, crisis communication, and reputation protection, and should refer to the disaster recovery plan (DRP) for ITrelated infrastructure recovery/continuity. Answer option C is incorrect. Business continuity planning (BCP) is the
creation and validation of a practiced logistical plan for how an organization will recover and restore partially or
completely interrupted critical (urgent) functions within a predetermined time after a disaster or extended disruption. The
logistical plan is called a business continuity plan. The BCP lifecycle is as follows:

Maeeonline 312-38 exam questions-q3

QUESTION 4
Which of the following forms of recognition of the sender can inform the data receiver of all segments that have arrived
successfully?
A. negative acknowledgment
B. the cumulative reset
C. with block
D. None
E. selective acknowledgment
Correct Answer: E


QUESTION 5
Which of the following is a worldwide organization whose mission is to create, refine and promote internet safety
standards?
A. None
B. SPROUT
C. ANSI
D. IEEE
E. WASC
Correct Answer: E


QUESTION 6
Which of the following cables is made of glass or plastic and transmits signals in the form of light?
A. Coaxial cable
B. Twisted pair cable
C. Plenum cable
D. Fiber optic cable
Correct Answer: D
Fiber optic cable is also known as optical fiber. It is made of glass or plastic and transmits signals in the form of light. It
is of cylindrical shape and consists of three concentric sections: the core, the cladding, and the jacket. Optical fiber
carries much more information than conventional copper wire and is in general not subject to electromagnetic
interference and the need to retransmit signals. Most telephone company\\’s long-distance lines are now made of optical
fiber. Transmission over an optical fiber cable requires repeaters at distance intervals. The glass fiber requires more
protection within an outer cable than copper. Answer option B is incorrect. Twisted pair cabling is a type of wiring in
which two conductors (the forward and return conductors of a single circuit) are twisted together for the purposes of
canceling out electromagnetic interference (EMI) from external sources. It consists of the following twisted pair cables:
Shielded Twisted Pair: Shielded Twisted Pair (STP) is a special kind of copper telephone wiring used in some business
installations. An outer covering or shield is added to the ordinary twisted pair telephone wires; the shield functions as a
ground. Twisted pair is the ordinary copper wire that connects home and many business computers to the telephone
company. Shielded twisted pair is often used in business installations. Unshielded Twisted Pair: Unshielded Twisted
Pair (UTP) is the ordinary wire used in home. UTP cable is also the most common cable used in computer networking.
Ethernet, the most common data networking standard, utilizes UTP cables. Twisted pair cabling is often used in data
networks for short and medium length connections because of its relatively lower costs compared to optical fiber and
coaxial cable.UTP is also finding increasing use in video applications, primarily in security cameras. Many middle to highend cameras include a UTP output with setscrew terminals. This is made possible by the fact that UTP cable bandwidth
has improved to match the baseband of television signals. Answer option A is incorrect. Coaxial cable is the kind of
copper cable used by cable TV companies between the community antenna and user homes and businesses. Coaxial
cable is sometimes used by telephone companies from their central office to the telephone poles near users. It is also
widely installed for use in business and corporation Ethernet and other types of local area network. Coaxial cable is
called “coaxial” because it includes one physical channel that carries the signal surrounded (after a layer of insulation)
by another concentric physical channel, both running along the same axis. The outer channel serves as a ground. Many
of these cables or pairs of coaxial tubes can be placed in a single outer sheathing and, with repeaters, can carry
information for a great distance. It is shown in the figure below:

Maeeonline 312-38 exam questions-q6

Answer option C is incorrect. Plenum cable is cable that is laid in the plenum spaces of buildings. The plenum is the
space that can facilitate air circulation for heating and air conditioning systems, by providing pathways for either heated/
conditioned or return airflows. Space between the structural ceiling and the dropped ceiling or under a raised floor is
typically considered plenum. However, some drop ceiling designs create a tight seal that does not allow for airflow and
therefore may not be considered a plenum air-handling space. The plenum space is typically used to house the
communication cables for the building\\’s computer and telephone network.protocols.
Answer options B, A, and D are incorrect. These are invalid tags.

QUESTION 8
Which of the following strategies is used to minimize the effects of a disruptive event on a company, and is created to
prevent interruptions to normal business activity?
A. Disaster Recovery Plan
B. Business Continuity Plan
C. Contingency Plan
D. Continuity of Operations Plan
Correct Answer: B
BCP is a strategy to minimize the consequence of the instability and to allow for the continuation of business processes.
The goal of BCP is to minimize the effects of a disruptive event on a company, and is formed to avoid interruptions to
normal business activity. Business Continuity Planning (BCP) is the creation and validation of a practiced logistical plan
for how an organization will recover and restore partially or completely interrupted critical (urgent) functions within a
predetermined time after a disaster or extended disruption. The logistical plan is called a business continuity plan.
Answer option C is incorrect. A contingency plan is a plan devised for a specific situation when things could go wrong.
Contingency plans are often devised by governments or businesses who want to be prepared for anything that could
happen. Contingency plans include specific strategies and actions to deal with specific variances to assumptions
resulting in a particular problem, emergency, or state of affairs. They also include a monitoring process and “triggers” for
initiating planned actions. They are required to help governments, businesses, or individuals to recover from serious
incidents in the minimum time with minimum cost and disruption. Answer option A is incorrect. Disaster recovery
planning is a subset of a larger process known as business continuity planning and should include planning for
resumption of applications, data, hardware, communications (such as networking), and other IT infrastructure. A
business continuity plan (BCP) includes planning for non-IT related aspects such as key personnel, facilities, crisis
communication, and reputation protection, and should refer to the disaster recovery plan (DRP) for IT-related
infrastructure recovery/continuity. Answer option D is incorrect. The Continuity Of Operation Plan (COOP) refers to the
preparations and institutions maintained by the United States government, providing survival of federal government
operations in the case of catastrophic events. It provides procedures and capabilities to sustain an organization\\’s
essential. COOP is the procedure documented to ensure persistent critical operations throughout any period where
normal operations are unattainable.

QUESTION 9
Fill in the blank with the appropriate term.The is a communication protocol that communicates information between the
network routers and the multicast end stations.
Correct Answer: IGMP
The Internet Group Management Protocol (IGMP) is a communication protocol that communicates information between
the network routers and the multicast end stations. It allows the receivers to request a multicast data stream from a
specific group address. However, multicast traffic is sent to a single MAC address but is processed by multiple hosts.
The IGMP allows an end station to connect to a multicast group and leave it, while being connected to the group address. It can be effectively used for gaming and showing online videos. Although it does not actually act as a
transport protocol, it operates above the network layer. It is analogous to ICMP for unicast connections. It is susceptible
to some attacks, so firewalls commonly allow the user to disable it if not needed.


QUESTION 10
Which of the following is a non-profit organization that oversees the allocation of IP addresses, management of the DNS
infrastructure, protocol parameter assignment, and root server system management?
A. ANSI
B. IEEE
C. ITU
D. ICANN
Correct Answer: D
ICANN stands for Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers. ICANN is responsible for managing the
assignment of domain names and IP addresses. ICANN\\’s tasks include responsibility for IP address space allocation,
protocol identifier assignment, top-level domain name system management, and root server system management
functions. Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a non-profit organization that oversees the
allocation of IP addresses, management of the DNS infrastructure, protocol parameter assignment, and root server
system management. Answer option B is incorrect. Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is an
organization of engineers and electronics professionals who develop standards for hardware and software. Answer
option C is incorrect. The International Telecommunication Union is an agency of the United Nations which regulates
information and communication technology issues. ITU coordinates the shared global use of the radio spectrum,
promotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the
developing world and establishes worldwide standards. ITU is active in areas including broadband Internet, latestgeneration wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology,
convergence in fixed-mobile phone, Internet access, data, voice, TV broadcasting, and next-generation networks.
Answer option A is incorrect. ANSI (American National Standards Institute) is the primary organization for fostering the
development of technology standards in the United States. ANSI works with industry groups and is the U.S. member of
the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC). Longestablished computer standards from ANSI include the American Standard Code for Information Interchange (ASCII)
and the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI).

QUESTION 11
A war dialer is a tool that is used to scan thousands of telephone numbers to detect vulnerable modems. It provides an
attacker unauthorized access to a computer. Which of the following tools can an attacker use to perform war dialing?
Each correct answer represents a complete solution. Choose all that apply.
A. ToneLoc
B. Wingate
C. THC-Scan
D. NetStumbler
Correct Answer: CA
THC-Scan and ToneLoc are tools used for war dialing. A war dialer is a tool that is used to scan thousands of telephone
numbers to detect vulnerable modems. It provides the attacker unauthorized access to a computer. Answer option D is
incorrect. NetStumbler is a Windows-based tool that is used for the detection of wireless LANs using the IEEE 802.11a,
802.11b, and 802.11g standards. It detects wireless networks and marks their relative position with a GPS. It uses an
802.11 Probe Request
that has been sent to the broadcast destination address.
Answer option B is incorrect. Wingate is a proxy server.

QUESTION 12
Fill in the blank with the appropriate term. A network is a local area network (LAN) in which all computers are connected
in a ring or star topology and a bit- or tokenpassing scheme is used for preventing the collision of data between two
computers that want to send messages at the same time.
Correct Answer: Token Ring
A Token Ring network is a local area network (LAN) in which all computers are connected in a ring or star topology and
a bit- or token-passing scheme is used in order to prevent the collision of data between two computers that want to send
messages at the same time. The Token Ring protocol is the second most widely-used protocol on local area networks
after Ethernet. The IBM Token Ring protocol led to a standard version, specified as IEEE 802.5. Both protocols are used
and are very similar. The IEEE 802.5 Token Ring technology provides for data transfer rates of either 4 or 16 megabits
per second. Working: Empty information frames are constantly circulated on the ring. When a computer has a message
to send, it adds a token to an empty frame and adds a message and a destination identifier to the frame. The frame is
then observed by each successive workstation. If the workstation sees that it is the destination for the message, it
copies the message from the frame and modifies the token back to 0. When the frame gets back to the originator, it
sees that the token has been modified to 0 and that the message has been copied and received. It removes the
message from the particular frame. The frame continues to circulate as an empty frame, ready to be taken by a
workstation when it has a message to send.

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